Civil Procedure

Civil Procedure

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Civil Procedure (Law 225) is designed to teach students how to work with the statutory rules and regulations that govern civil litigation in Ontario Superior Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal for Ontario. This is an intensely practical course. Aside from various rules, we will consider common law and equitable doctrines that become relevant in the context of procedural law. By the end of the course, it is expected that students will be able to have sufficient knowledge to structure litigation including interlocutory procedures, advise clients on process and risk, understand the financial consequences of litigation for winners and losers alike, and have the ability to draft some fundamentally important documents.

Classes: Tuesday, 2:30-5:30pm (Mac 001)



(1) Required Materials

Please note that there is no casebook to purchase. The assigned readings are available to you online (through CanLII, Westlaw, or Quicklaw). You should download the following:

The Courts of Justice Act

The Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure

The Limitations Act 2002

Consolidated Provincial Practice Direction for the Ontario Superior Court of Justice

Law Society of Upper Canada, Rules of Professional Conduct


We will refer to these materials often and you will need to have a copy for reference on the exam. If you wish, there are commercially published collections of statutory materials available through LexisNexis and Carswell that you can purchase.


(2) Recommended Materials

I recommend that you purchase a textbook for reference – Morden & Perrell, The Law of Civil Procedure in Ontario, 2nd Ed. (LexisNexis, 2014). It is a very nice text and is available in a student editions in the university bookstore.

If your budget permits, you may also wish to purchase a copy of Justices Fuerst and Sanderson, Ontario Courtroom Procedure, 3rd ed. (Butterworths, 2012). This books covers a lot of the customary practices in court. It’s not necessary for this course but those headed for general practice or a litigation practice will find it helpful now and in the future. Unfortunately it’s an expensive book (around $150).

There are also various reference works available in the library, including Abrams & McGuiness, Civil Procedure Law 3rd edition (LexisNexis, 2017) and Holmested and Watson: Ontario Civil Procedure (a multi-volume extensively annotated set of the Rules).



Your grade will be composed of two assignments together worth 30 marks of your total grade, and, a final examination worth 70 marks. The final examination is 2-hours long, open book, and will consist of questions that may include a fact-pattern and short-answer questions. There will be no essay question.

A Note on the Two Assignments

Students may, and are strongly encouraged to, work in pairs (with a shared grade).

Statement of Claim: 10 marks.

Notice of Motion, Affidavit, Factum, & Draft Order: 20 marks.

You will be required to deposit your assignments into the cabinet the 5th floor of Macdonald Hall. When the period for submission has expired, the drawer will be blocked and you will have to hand in the assignment to one of the administrative staff in the Faculty office on the 5th floor during regular business hours.

Please note that your grade will be reduced by 10% per 24-hour period or assignments handed in late except as allowed by the Academic Standing and Policy Committee of the Faculty.



Please note: the reading list may be revised during the term to reflect recent developments.


September 5th:

Mini-class. No reading.


September 12th:


a)    Litigation Practice: From Slug to Partner

b)    ‘Adversarial Justice’ and ‘Access to Justice’

Trial Lawyers Association of British Columbia v. British Columbia (Attorney General); Vilardell v. Dunham, 2014 SCC 59 (S.C.C

c)    The Rules???

“Rule”, “Rules”, and “subrule” refers to the Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194 under the Courts 

of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.43.

Courts of Justice Act, Section 66

Rule 1

d)     Professionalism

Law Society of Upper Canada, Rules of Professional Conduct

Standard Life Assurance Co. v Elliott2007 CanLII 18579 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Best v. Ranking2016 ONCA 492 (Ont. C.A.)

e)    Methods of Dispute Resolution: Adjudication, Arbitration, Mediation and Negotiation

f)    Court Approval of Some Settlement

g)    Introduction to the ‘Costs Rules

Courts of Justice Act, Section 131

Rules  49, 57.01

Clarington (Municipality) v. Blue Circle Canada Inc2009 ONCA 722 (Ont. C.A.)

Barlow v Citadel General Assurance Co.2008 CanLII 3215 (Ont. S.C.J.)



Courts of Justice Act, section 11(2)

Club Resorts Ltd. v. Van Breda, 2012 SCC 17

Babington-Browne v. Canada (Attorney General)2016 ONCA 549 (Ont. C.A.)

 Goldhar v., 2016 ONCA 515 (Ont. C.A.) 

Forsythe v. Westfall2015 ONCA 810 (Ont. C.A.)


Lecture Notes No. 1 (Introduction; Jurisdiction) 


September 19th:


Rules 5, 6, 7, 13

Gronnerud (Litigation Guardians of) v. Gronnerud Estate2002 SCC 38

Hollinger Inc. v. Ravelston Corp.2008 ONCA 207

Gligorevic v. McMaster2010 ONSC 3842 (Ont. S.C.J.)

 Papasotiriou v. Manufacturer’s Life Insurance Co.,  2012 ONSC 6473costs award, 2013 ONSC 43 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Lochner v Callanan2016 ONSC 1705 (Ont. S.C.J.)



Toronto (City) v. C.U.P.E., Local 79, 2003 SCC 63

Danyluk v. Ainsworth Technologies Inc., 2001 SCC 44

Penner v. Niagara (Regional Police Services Board)2013 SCC 19

Lecture Notes No. 2 (Parties; Res Judicata)


September 26th:


Limitations Act, 2002S.O. 2002, c. 24

M.(K.) v. M.(H.), [1992] 3 SCR 6

Kowal v. Shyiak2012 ONCA 512

McConnell v. Huxtable2014 ONCA 86

Collins v. Cortez2014 ONCA 685

Brown v. Baum2016 ONCA 325 (Ont. C.A.)

Lauesen v. Silverman2016 ONCA 327 (Ont. C.A.)



Examples of Pleadings:

Ikea Monkey Claim

UTSU v Hudson, Bollo-Kamara, and Wathey

Other examples


a)  Terminology

See Rules 25-29


Originating Process






Third Party Claim








b)  Rule 25 Concepts: Material Facts and Particulars

Rule 25

Copland v. Commodore Business Machines Ltd.1985 CanLII 2190 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Mudrick v. Mississauga Oakville Veterinary Emergency Professional Corp.2008 CanLII 58422 (Ont. S.C.J.) 

Whiten v. Pilot Insurance Co.2002 SCC 18


c)  Substantive Inadequacy: Motion to Strike the Pleadings

Rule 21, 25.11

Hunt v. Carey Canada Inc.[1990] 2 SCR 959 

Holland v. Saskatchewan (Minister of Agriculture, Food & Rural Revitalization)2008 SCC 42

Paton Estate v. Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (Fallsview Casino Resort and OLG Casino Brantford)2016 ONCA 458 (Ont. C.A.)

Just as recent examples: 

Lam v University of Western Ontario Board of Governors2015 ONSC 5281

Bansal v. 2343467 Ontario Inc.2015 ONSC 1016 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Spar Roofing & Metal Supplies Limited v. Glynn2016 ONCA 296 (Ont. C.A.)


d)  Amending the Pleadings

Rule 26

Miguna v. Ontario (Attorney General)2005 CanLII 46385 (Ont. C.A.)

Stekel v. Toyota Canada Inc.2011 ONSC 6507


e)  Service

Rules 16-18.

Lecture Notes No. 3 (Limitations; Pleadings)



October 3rd:


a)    Introduction

Rules 29.1-35

Law Help Ontario, The Discovery Process 

b)  Privilege

Airst v. Airst1998 CanLII 14647 (Ont. Sup. Ct.)

General Accident Assurance v. Chrusz1999 CanLII 7320

Pritchard v. Ontario (Human Rights Commission)2004 SCC 31

Blank v. Canada (Minister of Justice)2006 SCC 39

Kitchenham v. AXA Ins. Canada2008 ONCA 877

White v. 123627 Canada Inc., 2014 ONSC 2682

 c) The “Affidavit of Documents”

LSUC, How to Prepare an Affidavit of Documents

Sample AOD (LSUC)

d)  Examination for Discovery

Ontario v. Rothmans Inc.2011 ONSC 2504

Noble v. York University Foundation2010 ONSC 399

Ornstein(Litigation Guardian of) v. Starr2011 ONSC 4220

e)  Documentary Discovery

Discovery – Documentary and e-Discovery:

Warman v. Wilkins-Fournier2011 ONSC 3023

Frangione v. Vandongen2010 ONSC 2823

‘The Sedona Canada Principles’ (skim)

f) Discovery of Non-Parties

Ontario (Attorney General) v. Ballard Estate (1995), 26 O.R. (3d) 39 (C.A.)

Raponi v. John Doe2010 ONSC 3632 

g)  Expert Evidence

Rules 4.1, 53.03

Bakalenikov v. Semkiw2010 ONSC 4928 (Ont. S.C.J., Master)

Singer v. LZW LLP, 2014 ONSC 4521 (Ont. S.C.J.)

h)  Medical Examination 

Courts of Justice Act, Section 105(2)

Lovegrove v Rosenthal (1997), 16 C.P.C. (4th) 160; [1997] O.J.No. 5408 (Ont. Gen. Div.)

Lecture Notes No. 4 (Discovery)


October 10th:


How to Prepare Motion Materials

Sample Motion Records

Practice Directions re Toronto Region


a)  Joinder and Consolidation

Tanner v. McIlveen Estate 2012 ONSC 2983

Buhlman v. Peoples Ministries Inc.2009 CanLII 26918 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Soilmec North America Inc. v. D’Elia 2011 ONSC 5214

b)  Determining a Point of Law:

Gowling Lafleur Henderson v. Springer2013 ONSC 923

c) Dismissal for Delay

Labelle v. Canada (Border Services Agency)2016 ONCA 187 (Ont. C.A.)

d)  Summary Judgment:

Honourable Coulter A. Osborne, Q.C., Summary of Finding and Recommendations of the Civil Justice Reform Project (November, 2007)

Hryniak v. Mauldin, 2014 SCC 7

Maurice v. Alles2016 ONCA 287 (Ont. C.A.)

Lecture Notes No. 5 (Simple Motions)


October 17th: No class (away at a conference). 


October 24th:


See Courts of Justice Act, ss. 96(1), 104 and Rule 40

a)  Anton Piller Order:

Dish Network LCC v. Ramkissoon2010 ONSC 773 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Bergmanis v. Diamond & Diamond2012 ONSC 5762 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Draft Order (Ont. S.C.J. Commercial List, Toronto)

b)  Norwich Order:

Autopoietic Telemetric Solutions Limited v. Loughlin2012 ONSC 2305 (Ont. S.C.J.)

c)  Mareva Injunction

 Bennett Estate v. Islamic Republic of Iran2012 ONSC 5886

Bennett Estate v. Islamic Republic of Iran2013 ONSC 1376

Estate of Marla Bennett v. Islamic Republic of Iran2013 ONSC 5662

Estate of Marla Bennett v. Islamic Republic of Iran2013 ONSC 6832

Draft Order (Ont. S.C.J. Commercial List, Toronto

Lecture Notes No. 6 (Complex Motions)



October 31st:


a)   Costs,  Rule 49 and non-Rule 49 Offers

Rules 49 and 57

Courts of Justice Act, Section 131

b)    Offer, Acceptance, Approval, Enforcement

Clark Agri Service Inc. v. 705680 Ontario Ltd., (1996), 2 C.P.C. (4th) 78 (Ont. Gen. Div.)

Centorame v. Centorame2012 ONSC 6405

Wu Estate v. Zurich Insurance Co., (2006), 268 D.L.R. (4th) 670; 2006 CanLII 16344 (Ont. C.A.)

 c)    Champerty, Maintenance, and Mary CarterAgreements

Pettey v. Avis Car Inc. (1993), 13 O.R. (3d) 725;  1993 CanLII 8669 (ON SC),

Laudon v. Roberts2009 ONCA 383

Moore v. Bertuzzi, 2012 ONSC 3248

d)    Settlement Privilege & PierringerAgreements

Drywall Acoustic Lathing and Insulation, Local 675 Pension Fund (Trustees) v. SNC Group Inc.,2013 ONSC 6297

Sable Offshore Energy Inc. v. Ameron International Corp., 2013 SCC 37

(J.) v. Bradley (2004), 71 O.R. (3d) 171 (C.A.)

e)    Creative Costs: Bullockand SandersonOrders

Rooney (Litigation Guardian of) v. Graham2001 CanLII 24064 (Ont. C.A.)

Bhuvanendra v. Sivapathasundram2014 ONSC 737

Lecture Notes No. 7 (Costs; Settlement)


November 7th: No Class – Reading Week


November 14th:


The Advocates Society – Best Practices for Civil Trials – June 2015

Andrew C. Murray, “It’s the First Day of Trial: What do I Do?”

Paul Perrell, “An Evidence Cheat Sheet”

a)  Juries & Jury Notices

Juries Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. J.3

Cowles v. Balac2006 CanLII 34916 (Ont. C.A.)

Jury Duty Information (MAG)

McLean v. Knox, 2013 ONCA 357 (Ont.C.A.)

b)  Mistrial:

Spittal v. Thomas2006 CanLII 12731 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Abdallah v. Snopek2008 CanLII 6983 (Ont. Div. Ct.)

Leader Media Productions Ltd. v. Sentinel Hill Alliance Atlantis2008 ONCA 463

c)  Use of Expert & Demonstrative Evidence:

Greer v. Kurtz2008 CanLII 37056 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Moore v. Getahun2015 ONCA 55

d)  Appellate Jurisdiction

Courts of Justice Act, ss.132-134

Capital Gains Income Streams Corp. v. Merrill Lynch Canada Inc., 2007 ONCA 497

Gligorevic v. McMaster2012 ONCA 115

Practice Direction Concerning Civil Appeals in the Court of Appeal

 e)    Standard of Review

Housen v. Nikolaisen2002 SCC 33

Lazare v. Harvey2008 ONCA 171

Lecture Notes No. 8 (Trial and Appeal)


November 21st:

Compendium of Documents


November 28th:




David Freedman: Estates, Trusts & Guardianship Law David Freedman: Estates, Trusts & Guardianship Law David Freedman: Estates, Trusts & Guardianship Law David Freedman: Estates, Trusts & Guardianship Law David Freedman: Estates, Trusts & Guardianship Law