Civil Procedure (Law 225) is designed to teach students how to work with the statutory rules and regulations that govern civil litigation in Ontario Superior Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal for Ontario. This is an intensely practical course. Aside from various rules, we will consider common law and equitable doctrines that become relevant in the context of procedural law. By the end of the course, it is expected that students will be able to have sufficient knowledge to structure litigation including interlocutory procedures, advise clients on process and risk, understand the financial consequences of litigation for winners and losers alike, and have the ability to draft some fundamentally important documents.

Classes: Thursday, 2:30-5:30pm (Mac 001)


(1) Quiz 1: Jurisdiction; Parties; Res Judicata (October 9-11, 2018)

(2) Quiz 2: Limitations; Pleadings (October 22-24, 2018)

(3) Quiz 3: Discovery; Simple and Extraordinary Motions (November 13-15, 2018)

(4) Quiz 4: Costs; Trial and Appeal (November 27-29, 2018)



(1) Required Materials

Please note that there is no casebook to purchase. The assigned readings are available to you online (through CanLII, Westlaw, or Quicklaw). You should download the following:

The Courts of Justice Act

The Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure

The Limitations Act 2002

Consolidated Provincial Practice Direction for the Ontario Superior Court of Justice

Law Society of Ontario, Rules of Professional Conduct


We will refer to these materials often and you will need to have a copy for reference on the exam. If you wish, there are commercially published collections of statutory materials available through LexisNexis and Carswell that you can purchase.


(2) Recommended Materials

I recommend that you purchase a textbook for reference – Morden & Perrell, The Law of Civil Procedure in Ontario, 3rd Ed. (LexisNexis, 2017). It is a very nice text and is available in a student editions in the university bookstore.

There are also various reference works available in the library, including Abrams & McGuiness, Civil Procedure Law 3rd edition (LexisNexis, 2017) and Holmested and Watson: Ontario Civil Procedure (a multi-volume extensively annotated set of the Rules).



Your grade will be composed of four online quizzes together worth 30% (only the top three of four count), and, a final examination worth 70% of your final grade. The final examination is 2-hours long, open book, and will consist of questions that may include a fact-pattern and short-answer questions. There will be no essay question.


Please note: the reading list may be revised during the term to reflect recent developments.


September 6:

Mini-class. No reading.

September 13:


a)    Litigation Practice: From Slug to Partner


b)    ‘Adversarial Justice’ and ‘Access to Justice’

Trial Lawyers Association of British Columbia v. British Columbia (Attorney General); Vilardell v. Dunham, 2014 SCC 59 (S.C.C


c)    The Rules???

“Rule”, “Rules”, and “subrule” refers to the Ontario Rules of Civil Procedure, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 194 under the Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.43.

Courts of Justice Act, Section 66

Rule 1

MAG Flowcharts


d)     Professionalism

Law Society of Upper Canada, Rules of Professional Conduct

Standard Life Assurance Co. v Elliott2007 CanLII 18579 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Best v. Ranking2016 ONCA 492 (Ont. C.A.)


e)    Methods of Dispute Resolution: Adjudication, Arbitration, Mediation and Negotiation


f)    Court Approval of Some Settlement


g)    Introduction to the ‘Costs Rules

Courts of Justice Act, Section 131

Rules  49, 57.01

Barlow v Citadel General Assurance Co.2008 CanLII 3215 (Ont. S.C.J.)



Courts of Justice Act, Section 11(2)

Club Resorts Ltd. v. Van Breda, 2012 SCC 17

Forsythe v. Westfall, 2015 ONCA 810

Douez v. Facebook, Inc., 2017 SCC 33

Airia Brands Inc. v. Air Canada, 2017 ONCA 792


Lecture Notes (1) – Introduction; Jurisdiction

September 20:


Rules 5, 6, 7, 13

Gronnerud (Litigation Guardians of) v. Gronnerud Estate2002 SCC 38

Hollinger Inc. v. Ravelston Corp.2008 ONCA 207

Gligorevic v. McMaster2010 ONSC 3842 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Papasotiriou v. Manufacturer’s Life Insurance Co.,  2012 ONSC 6473costs award, 2013 ONSC 43 (Ont. S.C.J.)   [For those interested in the result of the prosecution…]

Lochner v Callanan2016 ONSC 1705 (Ont. S.C.J.)



Toronto (City) v. C.U.P.E., Local 79, 2003 SCC 63

Danyluk v. Ainsworth Technologies Inc., 2001 SCC 44

Penner v. Niagara (Regional Police Services Board)2013 SCC 19



Limitations Act, 2002S.O. 2002, c. 24

M.(K.) v. M.(H.), [1992] 3 SCR 6

McConnell v. Huxtable2014 ONCA 86

Collins v. Cortez2014 ONCA 685

Brown v. Baum2016 ONCA 325

Presidential MSH Corporation v. Marr Foster & Co. LLP, 2017 ONCA 325

Mega International Commercial Bank (Canada) v. Yung, 2018 ONCA 429

A nice recent decision on a motion for summary judgment based on limitations: Nelson v. Lavoie, 2018 ONSC 4489


Lecture Notes (2) – Parties; Estoppel; Limitations

September 27:


Examples of Pleadings:

Ikea Monkey Claim

Other examples


a)  Terminology

See Rules 25-29


Originating Process






Third Party Claim








b)  Rule 25 Concepts: Material Facts and Particulars

Rule 25

Copland v. Commodore Business Machines Ltd.1985 CanLII 2190 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Mudrick v. Mississauga Oakville Veterinary Emergency Professional Corp.2008 CanLII 58422 (Ont. S.C.J.) 

Whiten v. Pilot Insurance Co.2002 SCC 18


c)  Substantive Inadequacy: Motion to Strike the Pleadings

Rule 21, 25.11

Hunt v. Carey Canada Inc.[1990] 2 SCR 959 

Holland v. Saskatchewan (Minister of Agriculture, Food & Rural Revitalization)2008 SCC 42

Brozmanova v. Tarshis, 2018 ONCA 523

One I lost: Spar Roofing & Metal Supplies Limited v. Glynn2016 ONCA 296 (Ont. C.A.)


d)  Amending the Pleadings

Rule 26

Miguna v. Ontario (Attorney General)2005 CanLII 46385 (Ont. C.A.)

Stekel v. Toyota Canada Inc.2011 ONSC 6507


e)  Service

Rules 16-18.

Lecture Notes (3) – Pleadings

October 4:


a)    Introduction

Rules 29.1-35

Law Help Ontario, The Discovery Process 


b)  Privilege

Airst v. Airst1998 CanLII 14647 (Ont. Sup. Ct.)

General Accident Assurance v. Chrusz1999 CanLII 7320

Pritchard v. Ontario (Human Rights Commission)2004 SCC 31

Blank v. Canada (Minister of Justice)2006 SCC 39

Kitchenham v. AXA Ins. Canada2008 ONCA 877

White v. 123627 Canada Inc.2014 ONSC 2682


c) The “Affidavit of Documents”

LSUC, How to Prepare an Affidavit of Documents

Sample AOD (LSUC)


d)  Examination for Discovery

Ontario v. Rothmans Inc.2011 ONSC 2504

Noble v. York University Foundation2010 ONSC 399

Ornstein (Litigation Guardian of) v. Starr2011 ONSC 4220


e)  Documentary Discovery

Warman v. Wilkins-Fournier2011 ONSC 3023

Frangione v. Vandongen2010 ONSC 2823


f) Discovery of Non-Parties

Ontario (Attorney General) v. Ballard Estate (1995), 26 O.R. (3d) 39 (C.A.)

Hopkins v. Robert Green Equipment Sales Ltd., 2018 ONSC 998


g)  Expert Evidence

Rules 4.1, 53.03

Bakalenikov v. Semkiw2010 ONSC 4928 (Ont. S.C.J., Master)

Singer v. LZW LLP, 2014 ONSC 4521 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Bruff-Murphy v. Gunawardena, 2017 ONCA 502


h)  Medical Examination 

Courts of Justice Act, Section 105(2)

Lovegrove v Rosenthal (1997), 16 C.P.C. (4th) 160; [1997] O.J.No. 5408 (Ont. Gen. Div.)


Lecture Notes (4) – Discovery

October 11:


How to Prepare Motion Materials

Sample Motion Records

Practice Directions re Toronto Region


a)  Joinder and Consolidation

Tanner v. McIlveen Estate 2012 ONSC 2983

Buhlman v. Peoples Ministries Inc.2009 CanLII 26918 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Soilmec North America Inc. v. D’Elia 2011 ONSC 5214


b)  Determining a Point of Law:

Gowling Lafleur Henderson v. Springer2013 ONSC 923


c) Dismissal for Delay

Labelle v. Canada (Border Services Agency)2016 ONCA 187 (Ont. C.A.)


d)  Summary Judgment:

Honourable Coulter A. Osborne, Q.C., Summary of Finding and Recommendations of the Civil Justice Reform Project (November, 2007)

Hryniak v. Mauldin, 2014 SCC 7

Maurice v. Alles2016 ONCA 287

Butera v. Chown, Cairns LLP, 2017 ONCA 783

Lecture Notes (5) – Simple Motions, including summary judgment


October 18: No Class


October 25:


See Courts of Justice Act, ss. 96(1), 101

Rule 40

RJR-MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), 1994 CanLII 117  (S.C.C.)


a)  Anton Piller Order:

Dish Network LCC v. Ramkissoon2010 ONSC 773 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Bergmanis v. Diamond & Diamond2012 ONSC 5762 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Draft Order (Ont. S.C.J. Commercial List, Toronto)


b)  Norwich Order:

Autopoietic Telemetric Solutions Limited v. Loughlin2012 ONSC 2305 (Ont. S.C.J.)


c)  Mareva Injunction

Sibley & Associates LP v. Ross, 2011 ONSC 2951

2092280 Ontario Inc v. Voralto Group Inc. 2018 ONSC 2305 (Ont. Div. Ct.)

Draft Order (Ont. S.C.J. Commercial List, Toronto)



a)   Costs,  Rule 49 and non-Rule 49 Offers

Rules 49 and 57

Courts of Justice Act, Section 131


b)    Offer,  Acceptance,  Approval,  Enforcement

Clark Agri Service Inc. v. 705680 Ontario Ltd., (1996), 2 C.P.C. (4th) 78 (Ont. Gen. Div.)

Centorame v. Centorame2012 ONSC 6405

Wu Estate v. Zurich Insurance Co., (2006), 268 D.L.R. (4th) 670; 2006 CanLII 16344 (Ont. C.A.)



 c)    Champerty, Maintenance,  and Mary Carter Agreements (Mary Carter agreements are not examinable.)

Pettey v. Avis Car Inc. (1993), 13 O.R. (3d) 725;  1993 CanLII 8669 (ON SC),

Laudon v. Roberts2009 ONCA 383

Moore v. Bertuzzi, 2012 ONSC 3248


d)    Settlement Privilege &  Pierringer Agreements (Pierringer Agreements are not examinable.)

Drywall Acoustic Lathing and Insulation, Local 675 Pension Fund (Trustees) v. SNC Group Inc., 2013 ONSC 6297

Sable Offshore Energy Inc. v. Ameron International Corp., 2013 SCC 37

(J.) v. Bradley (2004), 71 O.R. (3d) 171 (C.A.)


e)    Creative Costs: Bullock and Sanderson Orders (Not examinable.)

Rooney (Litigation Guardian of) v. Graham2001 CanLII 24064 (Ont. C.A.)

Bhuvanendra v. Sivapathasundram2014 ONSC 737



Lecture Notes (6) – Extraordinary Motions; Costs, Settlement, and Creative Costs

November 2:


The Advocates Society – Best Practices for Civil Trials – June 2015

Andrew C. Murray, “It’s the First Day of Trial: What do I Do?”

Paul Perrell, “An Evidence Cheat Sheet”


a)  Juries & Jury Notices

Juries Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. J.3

Cowles v. Balac2006 CanLII 34916 (Ont. C.A.)

Jury Duty Information (MAG)

McLean v. Knox, 2013 ONCA 357 (Ont.C.A.)


b)  Mistrial:

Spittal v. Thomas2006 CanLII 12731 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Abdallah v. Snopek2008 CanLII 6983 (Ont. Div. Ct.)

Leader Media Productions Ltd. v. Sentinel Hill Alliance Atlantis2008 ONCA 463


c)  Use of Expert & Demonstrative Evidence:

Greer v. Kurtz2008 CanLII 37056 (Ont. S.C.J.)

Moore v. Getahun2015 ONCA 55


d)  Appellate Jurisdiction

Courts of Justice Act, ss.132-134

Capital Gains Income Streams Corp. v. Merrill Lynch Canada Inc., 2007 ONCA 497

Practice Direction Concerning Civil Appeals in the Court of Appeal


e)    Standard of Review

Housen v. Nikolaisen2002 SCC 33

Lazare v. Harvey2008 ONCA 171

Gligorevic v. McMaster2012 ONCA 115

Lecture Notes (7) – Trial and Appeal

November 5-9: Reading Week

November 15:

Case studies.

November 22:


Sample Civil Procedure Exam 1

Sample Civil Procedure Exam 2